MOST (Ger. Bruex), city in N.W. Bohemia, Czechoslovakia (town no longer exists). A Jewish moneylender is recorded in Most in 1393; there was a Jewish street situated near the monastery in the 14th century. When the Jews were expelled in 1453 most of them settled in litomerice . One Jew was allowed to settle in Most in 1839, and after 1848 some Jews from the surrounding villages moved to the city. There were 15 Jews in 1861, when a congregation was established; the synagogue was dedicated in 1872. Some of the rabbis of Most later became eminent: alexander kisch (1874–77), joseph samuel bloch (1877–79), and gotthard deutsch (1884–91). In 1930 there were 662 Jews in Most (2.4% of the total population). The community owed its importance and affluence to the development of lignite mining by the petschek and Weimann firms. During the Sudeten crisis the community dispersed, and the synagogue was destroyed on Nov. 10, 1938. The congregation was reestablished in 1945, mainly by Jews from subcarpathian ruthenia , under the administration of the usti nad labem community. In 1975 Most was evacuated to make way for open-cut mining and ceased to exist. The German-Jewish poet Yermiyahu Oskar Neumann (1894–1981), subsequently of Be'er Toviyyah, Israel, was born in Most. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Halberstam, in: H. Gold (ed.), Die Juden und Judengemeinden Boehmens (1934), 70–77; J.C. Pick, in: Jews of Czechoslovakia, 1 (1968), 374–5; R. Iltis (ed.), Die aussaeen unter Traenen… (1959), 25; G. Deutsch, Scrolls, 2 (1917), 321–40; Bondy-Dworský nos. 180–1, 191, 194–5, 198, 200, 202–8, 214, 216–7, 229, 234, 236–8, 240, 246–7, 254, 266, 271, 277. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991), 194. (Jan Herman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Most — Most …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • most — [ moust ] function word, quantifier *** Most is the superlative form of much and many and can be used in the following ways: as an adverb (before an adjective or another adverb): a most interesting lecture the question that is asked most often.… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • most — most·lings; most·ly; near·most; neath·most; north·east·ern·most; north·er·most; north·ern·most; north·most; out·er·most; out·most; over·most; pred·most; pri·most; rear·most; right·most; sea·most; south·east·ern·most; south·er·most;… …   English syllables

  • MOST — steht für vergorenen oder unvergorenen Fruchtsaft, siehe Most (Getränk) The Most, eine kanadische Musikgruppe Most (Tschechien) (deutsch Brüx), eine Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik Most, niedersorbische Name der Gemeinde Heinersbrück im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Most — steht für Fruchtsaft Obstwein in Süddeutschland, der Schweiz und Teilen von Österreich Apfelwein in Wien und den österreichischen Weinanbaugebieten Traubensaft (siehe auch Most (Getränk)) The Most, eine kanadische Musikgruppe Most (Tschechien)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • most — 1. For more and most used in the comparison of adjectives, see adjective 3–4. With adverbs, more and most are normally used when the adverb is formed with ly from an adjective, e.g. most richly, most happily: see er and est forms. The use of most …   Modern English usage

  • Most — (m[=o]st), a., superl. of {More}. [OE. most, mast, mest, AS. m[=ae]st; akin to D. meest, OS. m[=e]st, G. meist, Icel. mestr, Goth. maists; a superl. corresponding to E. more. [root]103. See {More}, a.] 1. Consisting of the greatest number or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • most — [mōst] adj. [ME < OE mast, used as superl. of micel, big (var. of mycel: see MUCH): akin to Goth maists: for IE base see MORE] 1. compar. of MORE 2. greatest in amount, quantity, or degree: used as the superlative of MUCH 3. greatest in number …   English World dictionary

  • Most — Most, adv. [AS. m[=ae]st. See {Most}, a.] In the greatest or highest degree. [1913 Webster] Those nearest to this king, and most his favorites, were courtiers and prelates. Milton. [1913 Webster] Note: Placed before an adjective or adverb, most… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Most — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • most — mȏst m <G mȍsta, N mn mòstovi> DEFINICIJA 1. građevina ili objekt koji služi za prelaženje ljudi i tereta preko rijeke, morskog tjesnaca, provalije itd. [pontonski most; viseći most; željeznički most] 2. posebna naprava preko koje se silazi …   Hrvatski jezični portal